Figurative Language

Simile: compares two different things using like or as.


You were as brave as a lion.

They fought like cats and dogs.

He is as funny as a barrel of monkeys.

This house is as clean as a whistle.

He is as strong as an ox.



Metaphor:  compares two different things without using like or as


He is the shining star of our school.
She has the heart of a lion.
For me, time is money.
A blanket of snow covered the streets.
Her soft voice was music to Andy's ears.


Hyperbole:  an exaggeration


            That woman has no self-control.

That was the easiest question in the world.

Nothing can bother him.

I can smell pizza from a mile away.

I went home and made the biggest sandwich of all time.

My dad is always working.

Patty drank from a bottomless glass of Kool-Aid.

Allie has a million pairs of shoes in her closet.



Onomatopoeia: words that sound like the sounds they describe


                        The swamp frogs croaked in unison.

                        The teacher heard the distinct crunch of ruffled potato chips.

                        Jacob could not sleep with the steady drip-drop of water coming from the sink.

                        The root beer fizzed over the top of the mug.

                        The flag flapped in wind.



Personification:  something that isn't human takes on human characteristics such as it can think, act, and speak


                        The candle flame danced in the dark.     

                        Thunder grumbled and raindrops reported for duty.

                        The brown grass was begging for water.

                        The sunflowers nodded in the wind.

                        The sun stretched its golden arms across the plains.



Alliteration: words that use the same beginning consonant sound and are written in close proximity (a title or group of words in a sentence)


                        Sing a song of sixpence. 

                        Zack watched zebras zip by.

                        Creepy crawlies consumed cantaloupes. 

                        Olivia obsessed over others' Oreos.



Idioms:  a group of words that have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words


                        It’s raining cats and dogs.

                        The test was a piece of cake.

                        Having a playground at my new school was the icing on the cake.

                        The young children had ants in their pants.

                        Russel felt nervous but acted as cool as a cucumber during the interview.